Tag Archives: Sweden

Internet Linking & Copyright Infringement

Last month, an interesting ruling was made by the European Court of Justice (ECJ), stating that a website cannot be found to have infringed copyright by linking to content hosted elsewhere.[1] To most of us, this probably makes sense. However, when reading article 3 of the Infosoc Directive (2001/29/EC) one can easily see why the Swedish Court of Appeal decided to ask the ECJ for guidance on the matter.

Article 3 of the Infosoc Directive is dealing with to what extent an individual or a business who receives a communication of a copyright work can share that with the public without asking for permission.

This particular case involved Swedish journalists and an aggregation company called Retriever Sverige. Retriever Sverige is a media monitor which aggregates content from the television, newspapers, magazines and websites without asking for permission from the sources. Some journalists therefore decided to take it to court, demanding to be compensated.

The ECJ came to the conclusion that Internet linking to works which are freely accessible on another website shall not constitute communication to the public, meaning that such linking is permitted under the law. The reason for this is because the act does not constitute a “communication to a new public”.

It is important to remember that this would not be the case if the original party had measures in place to restrict access to their own subscribers (e.g. using “paywalls”).
[1] http://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2014-02/cp140020en.pdf

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Swedish Hooliganism & the English Model

The opening day of the Swedish soccer season began in tragedy after police confirmed that a supporter of the soccer team Djurgården died due to his injuries after being beaten up in the city of Helsingborg.[1] Sweden’s current issues highlight how much progress that has been made in England since its violent days of the 1980’s. Back then, hooliganism was as much a part of English soccer as beer drinking is today.

No one is saying that English hooliganism has gone away. But the on the English scene, hooliganism has been in decline ever since its peak in the 80’s.[2] After the riots in 1985, caused by Luton and Millwall fans, Ted Croker, head of the FA, was summoned to see Margaret Thatcher and soon the police were sticking their oar in.[3] Then the Hillsborough disaster happened in 1989 and almost all soccer stadiums became all-seated affairs. Years later, a widespread CCTV coverage was standard procedure on all arenas, making it easy to identify notorious troublemakers.

Nowadays, arrests at English soccer matches are a rare sight and it will most likely stay that way. In that sense, the English Model is a great success, worth to be replicated by other countries experiencing the same problems as England used to.

In Sweden however, we see a different development. Incidents of soccer violence have been on the rise in Sweden for a long time now.[4] And even though Sweden’s Justice Minister has called for tighter legislation to improve the security at soccer games, little progress has been shown. Maybe the death of an innocent will make the Swedish government to start taking hooliganism seriously. But even if so, the price has been far too high.

[1] http://sverigesradio.se/sida/artikel.aspx?programid=2054&artikel=5823630

[2] http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/ross-jonesmorris/euro-2012-where-have-all-the-hooligans-gone_b_1626334.html

[3] http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/ross-jonesmorris/euro-2012-where-have-all-the-hooligans-gone_b_1626334.html

[4] http://www.thelocal.se/20140330/soccer-fan-dead-after-pre-match-fight

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“Det kommer inte att finnas några obeskattade medel vare sig i Schweiz eller i Luxemburg i framtiden. Det är slutet på en epok.”

Erik Haglund, skattekonsult specialiserad på att hjälpa svenskar flytta tillbaka obeskattat kapital till Sverige från utlandet, med anledning av att bland annat schweiziska banker “kastar ut” skatte­fuskande kunder.

“Det kommer int…

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Därför faller den norska kronan

Den norska kronan försvagas mot den svenska. I dagsläget står den norska kronkursen i 1,05. Så låg har kursen inte varit sedan 2004.
Kursfallet har sin förklaring 
dels i marknadens ointresse för den norska kronan, dels i en ökad arbetslöshet. Att arbetslösheten ökat i landet ska emellertid tas med ro. Vi talar om imponerande låga siffror. Antalet arbetslösa i Norge har ökat till 3,6 procent under andra kvartalet från 3,4 procent kvartalet dessförinnan. För de flesta länder vore 3,6 procents arbetslöshet en helt enastående siffra.

Men nu talar vi alltså om ett av världens rikaste länder. Kraven är därmed även därefter. Likväl torde kursfallet snarare handla om ett ointresse från marknaden. Den norska kronan upplevs vara lite omodern för tillfället. Valutan känns lite trist, kort och gott. 

Niklas Lewenhard Gren

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